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06.00 - Caresheet guide: Testudo hermanni.

GMELIN (1789)

. [en] Hermann's tortoise
Available in:    

06.01 - Care introduction

Testudo hermanni,  GMELIN, 1789
Id.: 23,219
Testudo hermanni,  GMELIN, 1789
Id.: 23,236
Testudo hermanni,  GMELIN, 1789
Id.: 30,182

This species is terrestrial, to fundamentally hervibora, inhabits Mediterranean climate, so their habits are adapted to hot mmers and mild winters, to withstand this climate, hibernate underground in winter, and estiva on hot mmer days.

Need shelter for the winter and hot mmer days, as well as water. Without proper skin care ed this species will die inevitably, will do it slowly.  The economic cost and time to play their habitat and meet their needs is much greater than the cost of a copy of testudo hermanni. Think before buying a turtle.

Public administrations also expensive and hinder reproduction by amateurs.


06.02 - Standar values. temp, humidity, light


Recommended temperature for the months of activity (April-November)

During the day (27-30 ° C) = 80-86 ° F
During the day basking area (32-35 ° C) = 90-95 ° F
Overnight (18-21 ° C) = 65-70 ° F

Temperature during the hibernation period (December to March)

Highs minimum of 7 º C to 5 º C = 50F
At 10 ° C remain inactive but spend too much energy, and they can die from exhaustion of its reserves, and below 0 º can rvive but show eye damage among others.

Humidity: 30-50%

The following diagram temperature correlates with its activity


06.03 - Foods and suplements

Testudo hermanni,  GMELIN, 1789
Id.: 32,755
Testudo hermanni,  GMELIN, 1789
Id.: 29,572
Testudo hermanni,  GMELIN, 1789
Id.: 29,579

They are predominantly herbivorous , their diet should they be rich in calcium low phosphorus, high in fiber and low in protein, in captivity you can feed them :

Dandelion , milk thistle , romaine lettuce ( green leaves ) , correruelas , plantain , clover , yarrow , honeyckle , rosemary , sage , hibiscus flowers and leaves of mulberry , California poppy , mallow , mothers , lemon balm, chicory, watercress and lettuce, cactus paddles (no thorns ) , leaves and flowers of alfalfa in small amounts, also ocasonamente snails , slugs, insects, worms and feed cuttlebone .

Water always available, in a shallow flat container .

Tomato, sporadically , limited fruit, gives them diarrhea.
pplements :

Calcium + Vitamin D3. The ability to retain calcium is linked to vitamin D3 and the reception of solar rays, which are a source of UVB, then remain inside, these rays do not reach them , and it required the use of sources UVB light emitting note that if they get n through windows, do not let these pass UVB rays.

Hacer heno en polvoIdeally have cuttle bone to gnaw , or weekly espolvoremos their food with calcium for reptiles, low in phosphorus and vitamin D3

Hay Powder : If we give lots of vegetables rich in water and low in fiber , hay powder can prepare as follows :

Haying powders
1 ) hay cut with scissors into 1 or 2 cm
2) Put a small amount into a coffee grinder
3) We grind shaking the grinder so that the fibers down to the bottom, and the fine dust will not stick to the bottom, pour into a bowl to see if it is fine fientemente , if we are not repeat so
4) We keep a taper
To use it to moisten a little food that we give them and she epolvoreamos hay dust

More information at : More information at : Marcos Martinez. 2012 Wild plants in the diet of Mediterranean tortoises . Chelonian Symposium 2012 SOHEVA

Recomendated lecture.

Marcos Martínez. 2012 Plantas silvestres en la dieta de las tortugas terrestres mediterráneas. Jornadas Quelonios 2012 SOHEVA. http://dl.dropbox.com/u/15881248/Alimentaci%C3%B3n_testudo.pptx

Anabel Muñoz, Joaquim Soler y Albert Martínez-Silvestre. 2009. Aportaciones al estudio de la alimentación de Testudo hermanni hermanni en el Parque Natural de la Sierra de Montsant Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp. (2009) 20 http://www.herpetologica.org/BAHE/BAHE20_011_HNat08.pdf


06.04 - Breeding in captivity

Testudo hermanni,  GMELIN, 1789
Id.: 32,857
Testudo hermanni,  GMELIN, 1789
Id.: 39,236
Testudo hermanni,  GMELIN, 1789
Id.: 23,302

Incubation temperatures

<25 º C Muerte embryo.
29> = T <= 31 ° C males are produced
31,> = T <= 32.5 ° C was produced females
33-34 º C 100% Female T, g, boettgeri Pieau (2002)
33> = T <= 34 ° C50% mortality. K (1995) T
> 35 º C Death of the embryo. K (1995)

Incubate between 29 and 31 º C if we males and females between 31-32 if we want to, not exceeding 32.5 ° C, to prevent warping, mutiples shields and death of the embryo.


06.05 - Indoor intalations,vivarium, terrarium, acuaterrarium

Testudo hermanni,  GMELIN, 1789
Id.: 24,707
Testudo hermanni,  GMELIN, 1789
Id.: 32,838
Testudo hermanni,  GMELIN, 1789
Id.: 23,234

Materials needed.

1 Thermostat
2 Clock Programmer
3 lamp light with UVB emission
4 Lamp ceramic heat
5 Thermostat Probe
6 Shelter Outdoor
7 Analog Thermometer (never fails)
9 Roofing Refuge
8 Container with water

Substrate: The ideal is a free land, not puddle or are sticky when wet, mixed with some peat, and over it a few boulders, the bstrate must be changed regularly to prevent the spread of parasites, are not good as the pellets fall apart, they eat and can clog the intestinal tract.

I tried a mixture of loam, cutting hay, knead it with a little water, for adobe, which allows me to make mounds and shelters, looks to his liking, and easy to keep clean and prying deeper.


06.06 - Outdoor intallations

Testudo hermanni,  GMELIN, 1789
Id.: 10,225
Testudo hermanni,  GMELIN, 1789
Id.: 30,183
Testudo hermanni,  GMELIN, 1789
Id.: 32,776

Danger: Testudo hermanni  are tunneling machines and climbers, careful leakage should this fence buried in the ground at least 40cm

The area must be uneven and should not be encharcable,

It should be divided into three zones

1 Areas deambuleo, narrow and clear to incite deambuleo, looking for food and allow away some copies of others will

2 Area with shade and soft bstrate that allows them to shelter from the n and keep your temperature in warm days.

3 Zones of small shrubs that allows them to hide but nny for the coldest days

4 mountain area, where the n always

Water provided water, withstand drought, but drink should always have shallow containers with water.


06.07 - Notes:Hibernation, diseases

Coming out of hibernation :

It is convenient to give them a bath with warm water , to promote rapid rehydration , as well as a water-rich feed . The water level should be up to half of the marginal scutes allowing the turtle can easily keep head above water


PiramismoThe piramidismo is ually caused by poor diet and inadequate humidity,

This species feeds in mmer dry or nearly dry grass , is common in captivity on nutrition , being observed to grow their shields forming piramidismo exaggerated . Instead, a smooth oval carapace indicates correct power

However my expericia is that in a group of turtles fed with the same food, produce a piramidismo and not others, as pictured on the right, this ise laughs calcium and vitamin D3 , also happened to be weathering. I was unable to determine if it is selective in what you eat , or just a birth defect.


06.08 - Especialist

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