Temperature: Uniform throughout the year, average temperature 18 º.
Precipitation: Annual average 1000 to 2000 mm / year. The dry period lasts from 3 to 5 months during the winter.
Distribution: Between 5 and 15 ° on both sides of Ecuador.
Vegetation: Semi-deciduous forests and deciduous forests
Mean temperature of all months over 18oC. Approximate location between the Tropic of
Cancer 23o N and the Tropic of Capricorn 23o S. Lowland zones are up to 1000 - 1500 meter.
Climatic criteria Uniformly high temperatures and heavy annual precipitation (at
least 1500 mm, often > 2000 mm) distributed throughout the year.
Either no dry season or at most 3 months during winter.
Vegetation Tropical evergreen and semi-evergreen rainforest. The vegetation is
lush, with tall, closely set trees that often form a continuous multilayered
canopy and emergent trees reaching a height of 50 to 60
meters. Most diverse terrestrial ecosystem, with a large number of
Distribution Astride the equator and extending 5 to 10 degrees on either side.
Main locations: Amazon basin, South America; Congo basin,
Africa; Insular South East Asia.