Climatic criteria Mediterranean climate, characterized by dry hot summers and
humid, mild winters. Annual rainfall is in the range of 400 to 900
Vegetation Sclerophyllous evergreen forest, woodland and shrub. Maquis
dominated by Quercus ilex in the Mediterranean region; chaparral
in California, Chilean Matorral, Fynbos in the Cape Region and
Eucalyptus forest in Southwest Australia. Fire is a regular feature.
Distribution Occuring along the western sides of the continents at the poleward
margins of the subtropical deserts, in five distinct regions: the
Mediterranean basin, central and coastal California, Central Chile,
the Cape region of South Africa and southwest and south Australia.